Sinusitis originates from the Latin word sinou meaning “bend, wind, curve”, and the Greek word it is which translates as “pertaining to”.
In medical terminology itis basically means “inflammation”. Relating to Medilexion’s medical dictionary sinusitis is the “Inflammation of the mucous membrane of any sinus, especially the paranasal”.
What Are Sinuses?
Behind the skull are a few hollow spaces which are filled with air and lead to the nose cavity. This is what we call the sinuses. The sinuses have the same mucous membrane lining that is found in the nose. The membranes job is to produce a slimy secretion or mucus, which keeps the nasal passage moist and traps dirt particles. It also helps to keep bacteria at bay, preventing viruses and infections from developing.
What Is Sinusitis?
Sinusitis happens when there is an inflammation located within the paranasal sinuses. Paranasal basically beans next to the naval cavities. This inflammation occurs when there is a virus, bacteria or fungal infection. It can also happen due to an allergic or autoimmune reaction, which happens when the immune system attacks the good parts of the body. Sinusitis is often referred to as rhinosinusitis by doctors; this is because an inflammation normally occurs within the nose (rhinitis) too.
Types Of Sinusitis?
Acute Sinusitis is often caused by the common cold and can last for a maximum of 4 weeks. Treatment varies on what has caused the infection. In most cases remedies can be done from the comfort of a patient’s house. If the sinusitis persists it can lead on to serious infections and more complications. Acute sinusitis makes the patients sinuses become inflamed and swollen, preventing drainage and causing a development of mucus. When you have acute sinusitis patients will find it hard to breathe through the nose. The area around your eyes and nose may feel swollen and appear puffed up. Patients may also suffer with throbbing facial pain and a headache.
Subacute Sinusitis can last up to 12 weeks, it occurs after a continuation of the natural progression of acute sinusitis. Symptoms are normally similar to acute sinusitis; it can be possibly less severe.
Chronic sinusitis can also last up to 12 weeks and can reoccur. It is normally caused by an infection, but can sometimes happen by growth in the sinuses. Sinuses will become inflamed and swollen, causing blockage and mucus to build up. Patients will also suffer with a headache and a throbbing pain in the facial area.
When I suffered with chronic sinusitis I researched sinus specialists within my area and he managed to keep my symptoms at bay.