Breast cancer is a matter of great worry for women these days as more than 12% women in the world suffer from this disease. Breast cancer can cause many difficulties in a woman’s life. Because of this disease women can suffer from disfigurement and it also increases the risk of death. We know that cancer is nothing but unregulated growth of cells. Breast cancer occurs for the same reason. But it is possible to cure breast cancer. But women have to remember that they can prevent breast cancer by knowing some important information.
Cancer cells can multiply themselves. Every time they multiply and the organism lives. These cells reproduce rapidly and can create a conglomeration of cells which in terms form tumors. These tumors spread in the other parts of the body. This affects the organs of the body. When cancer cells are formed on the milk producing cells of the breast, we call it breast cancer. Breast cancer is divided into two parts on the basis of location of the tumor. There are two types of tumors one is Lobular carcinomas and another is Ductal carcinomas. The first type grows on the lobules that provide milk for milk ducts. The second type of tumor comes directly from the milk ducts.
Causes of Breast Cancer
There are many causes of breast cancer in women. Sometimes you cannot prevent those causes. As a woman you have to face some things which are inevitable. In this article I am highlighting on some of the main causes. If you don’t know – “What causes breast cancer” then read the points mentioned below. These are the main risk factors of breast cancer.
Age and gender
Now you will say that age can be a factor but how gender? Yes breast cancer can also occur in men. That’s why age and gender plays a great role in the initiation of breast cancer. Women are 100 times more vulnerable to breast cancer than men. And women above the age of fifty are more likely to develop breast cancer. In this age uncontrolled cell growth are seen more frequently.
You can blame genetics for breast cancers. But breast cancer developed directly from genetics is relatively low. Some specific genetic characteristics can increase the threat of breast cancer.
Coming from family
If someone of your family had cancer previously that it can be a contributing factor. Any family member who had breast, colon, ovarian or uterine cancer can be responsible in the spread of that cancer in the other family members.
The risk of breast cancer increases because of certain inherited DNA changes. And these mutations in the gene can be inherited from parents.
Women who had their first period before the age of twelve are more likely to develop breast cancer. This thing goes for the menopause also. If a woman reaches her menopause after fifty five then she is also in the risk.
Poor diet and unhealthy life style
These days people are not aware of the facts that a healthy lifestyle can change their fate. Many women drink alcohol without control. Excessive alcohol intake increases the risk of breast cancer. Many women don’t have any sense of diet. They don’t eat sensibly and that’s why they are in the threat of breast cancer.
Environmental facts and harmful chemicals
There are many environmental facts that can increase the rate of breast cancer growth. Radiation and carcinogenic compounds from the environment can increase the cancer growth. These radiation involves ionization radiation, light at night, non-ionizing radiation (EMFs).
Now let’s know about some harmful chemicals linked to breast cancer.
Carcinogenic chemicals cause cell mutation to form breast cancer cells. These are some of the mammary carcinogens:
- Aromatic amines
- Ethylene oxide
- Organic solvents
- Vinyl chloride (PVC)
These chemicals are identified by National Toxicology Program (NTP) and/or the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).
Hormones play games with our body. Yes, everything is the game of hormones. Hormone or endocrine disrupting chemicals can increase cancer rates.
Breast cancer detection
Breast cancer is very difficult to detect. At first it doesn’t show any signs that are different from other disease. The signs are very mimic as a result sometimes it is too late to identify the breast cancer. Most of the times it is seen that a patient is being diagnosed and treated for any other disease but at the end it turns out to be Breast cancer. Sometimes the growth and symptoms of cancer looks very dangerous. At that time diagnosis is a must. And proper treatment is needed once the situation is alarming.
The early signs of breast cancer
These are some of the symptoms that may be seen in a patient:
- Swelling of breasts
- Lump in the breast
- Nipple pain, discharge from the nipple and retraction.
- Skin irritation
It is to remember that women of all ages should be aware of these symptoms and should undergo breast exams. Lump in the breast is one of the most common signs. To detect a cancer it is very important that you take regular screening mammogram. It is the X-ray of breasts which easily detects any abnormalities. It is very good way to survive breast cancer.
There are many ways to minimize the risk of getting this cancer. Your first duty should be changing your way of living. Live healthy and reduce the danger of cancer. Regular exercise and healthy diet plan is important in preventing breast cancer. Eating fruits and vegetables, regular cardio and physical labor can be very advantageous. Always try to avoid food rich in fat and processed carbs. Avoid cigarettes and also heavy drinking you thus you will lessen your chances to get a breast cancer by 35% to 50%.
These days, breast cancer is treatable. At the primary stages the treatment is relatively harmless and safe. In the initial stages the removal of the tumor can solve the problem. But once the tumor spreads out throughout the body it is tough to conduct the treatment. In these cases the whole breasts may needed to be removed. This treatment also involves some rounds of chemotherapy.
Sometimes in the primary stages the removal of tumors is also not necessary. Some chemo or radiation therapy can easily destroy the cancerous cells from the breasts. Without any surgery the cancer can be cured.
The options are open for you. But your doctor will choose the perfect treatment for you. The location, severity and level of treatment needed should be explained to you by the doctors.